After the main idea has been introduced and the image played upon in the octave, the poem undergoes a voltaa change in the persona 's train of thought. Sixteenth century Spanish explorer and conqueror of Mexico. In Saki 's story "The Talking-out of Tarrington", a character is greeted with a "'silent-upon-a-peak-in-Darien' stare which denoted an absence of all previous acquaintance with the object scrutinised".
Writing some of his finest poetry between andKeats mainly worked on "Hyperion," a Miltonic blank-verse epic of the Greek creation myth. Oft of one wide expanse had I been told That deep-browed Homer ruled as his demesne; Yet did I never breathe its pure serene Till I heard Chapman speak out loud and bold: Keats was delighted with the vigorous language of the Elizabethan; to him, Chapman spoke out "loud and bold.
Translation, for such a writer, is a voyage in pursuit of the truthfulness of linguistic beauty, and reading a translation aimed at fidelity to the original was perhaps the profoundest way in which Keats could appropriate scientific method to the literary art to which he had sworn "fealty".
Ideally, both should go together. A Petrarchan sonnet must not only be unified, like any other poem, but the thought must also make a change of direction, or "turn," at the beginning of the sestet.
When Keats was fifteen, Abbey withdrew him from the Clarke School, Enfield, to apprentice with an apothecary-surgeon and study medicine in a London hospital.
Keats does not make explicit the feelings experienced by the astronomer discovering a new planet — but how does Keats language suggest his degree of excitement. Keats, of course, may not have had Herschel in mind, but it was the rarity of such a discovery and the emotions which would overwhelm the discoverer that counted.
Agnes, and Other Poems. The celebratory sonnet was completed the same night, in time to be delivered to Clarke in the following morning's post. This is one of the great moments of history, and Keats boldly appropriates it to express his own feelings of having made a thrilling discovery beyond which there may lie countless other similar discoveries as he increases his acquaintance with the world of poetry.
The first four lines of "Chapman's Homer" are a statement of the experience he has already had as a reader of poetry: To make that feeling clear, the narrator speaks of himself as a traveler who has set out to explore uncharted lands—at least, uncharted by him.
At school he had taken part in a learning-game devised by the marvellously imaginative educator John Rylands, in which the boys arranged themselves on the school playground in the form of an orrery.
The addition of a comma in Keats' title provides an indispensable pun—a clue to the reader about the subject of the pastiche. Unity and coherence are assured not only by carrying the idea of discovery all the way through the poem, but also by using the linking words "Much" and "Oft" to begin the two halves of his octave and the word "Then" to begin his sestet.
It's well-known that the sighting of the Pacific Ocean, alluded to in the last four lines, should not have been attributed to Cortez but to another conquistador, Balboa.
Later during his governorship of Mexico, Cortes was in fact a major explorer of the Pacific coast of Mexico and Baja California.
The two similes that swam "into his ken" as the poem formed itself in his mind are in keeping with the language of travel and discovery that he uses in the octave of his sonnet. Background information[ edit ] Keats' generation was familiar enough with the polished literary translations of John Dryden and Alexander Popewhich gave Homer an urbane gloss similar to Virgilbut expressed in blank verse or heroic couplets.
Somehow, the comfortable closure which the sonnet-form invites is "translated" into an open question. Before Cortes's conquest of Mexico, he had been a colonist, administrator, and conquistador in Hispaniola from and Cuba from Chapman was the first poet to try to render Homeric rhythms in English.
In his school days he had read about Cortez' conquest of Mexico and Balboa's discovery of the Pacific Ocean on an expedition in Darien, an old name for part of Central America, in William Robertson's History of America.
Keats had been reading William Robertson's History of America and apparently conflated two scenes there described: Abbey, a prosperous tea broker, assumed the bulk of this responsibility, while Sandell played only a minor role. The moment of revelation on Darien is viewed in lingering long-shot.
These patterns were perhaps already implicit in the Petrarchan sonnet. Greek poet to whom the highly-influential, epic poems, The Iliad and The Odyssey, were attributed. After his mother's death, Keats's maternal grandmother appointed two London merchants, Richard Abbey and John Rowland Sandell, as guardians.
On First Looking into Chapman's Homer John Keats, - Much have I traveled in the realms of gold And many goodly states and kingdoms seen; Round many western islands have I been Which bards in fealty to Apollo hold.
"On First Looking into Chapman's Homer" is an early page in the log-book of a journey from lush fancifulness to telescopic clarity of observation. On First Looking into Chapman's Homer Much have I. On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer by John Keats Home / English Notes / Uncategorised / On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer by John Keats.
Much have I travell’d in the realms of gold, And many goodly states and kingdoms seen; Essay on Nehru Report-Main Points; Tags: Poems.
Themes in On First Looking Into Chapman’s Homer Responding to literary art. The sonnet is a response to the imaginative power and vision of both Homer, the ancient Greek epic poet, and George Chapman, the Elizabethan poet, who translated Homer into English.
"On First Looking into Chapman's Homer" is a sonnet by English Romantic poet John Keats () written in October It tells of the author's astonishment at reading the works of the ancient Greek poet Homer as freely translated by the Elizabethan playwright George Chapman.
"On Looking into Chapman's Homer" is a window into the ambitions of a hopeful young man, who lived just long enough to leave us with some of the greatest poems in the English language. This one, for example, first appeared in the London newspaper The Examiner, inand then again a year later in Keats' first collection, given the very.John keats on first looking into chapmans homer essay